Stitching in terms of fabric is referred to joining the loops of thread with the help of different textile skills. Embroidery is a part of stitching where a piece of cloth is decorated with the help of thread and needle. Embroidery on a piece of cloth can be done with the help of different materials including pearls, beads and quills. One needs to have a skilful hand with great hand eye co-ordination to try this art form.
The brilliant art form of stitching ‘embroidery’ is said to have originated during 5th and 3rd century BC. This great art form became famous during the reign of Mughal Empire when kings and queens started wearing heavily embroidered attires. This fine art form requires great precision, creative mind, knowledge of fabric and colour combination with high standards of craftsmanship. Embroidery is also considered as a symbol of high social status in many Muslim societies. This is also an important skill in fashion designer recruitment for gulf countries.
Traditional embroidery is classified on the basis of stitching pattern whether the stitching is done through the fabric or top of the fabric. Different embroidery techniques are used over different fabrics. Chain stitch is used for surface embroidery whereas canvas work is used for imparting strong impression of thread which is also visible on the other side of fabric. Couch work is generally used for gold embroidery, it is also known as laid work. Nowadays machines are also utilised for making complex designs. Computerised embroidery is used for drawing logos and flags with different stitching pattern.
During the former years, embroidery was done only for royal families but later in the course of time this art form reached common people as well. It became famous and soon embroidery was seen over slippers, handkerchiefs, uniforms, pouches and shoes. Stitching and embroidery have a lot to contribute to the origin of puppetry as well. Stitching and embroidery is done over different material including cotton, linen, silk and wool. Embroidery thread is different from the stitching thread and is manufactured in rayon yarns. Different images, logos, flags and emblem can also be embroidered on the clothes.